In 1515, Francis I was asked to build a bridge over the small branch of the Seine in order to carry patients to the Hôtel-Dieu hospital on the Île de la Cité. Its construction began in 1626 and in 1634 the two sides were connected.
The Pont au Double derives its name from the toll amount which was charged, a "double" denier, money used to pay for the construction of the bridge.
In 1709, the bridge collapsed. It was rebuilt and remained in place until 1847. In 1883, the Pont au Double was replaced by a one arch cast-iron bridge.